Reference Library - Spectroscopy

The links below to references in the literature which include analytical aspects of philately. These may be very important because the name of books and papers are often not indicative of details of their contents.
Absorption/ReflectionColorimetryColorimetry of Overprints
CompositionComputer GraphicsElectron Microscopy
Environmental Effects on Philatelic MaterialsFormulationGum Analysis
Infrared and FTIRInkOverprints, Movable Type
Paper SciencePIXEPhotomicrography/Microsocpy
ProductionRamanSpectroscopy
StatisticsTypesetTypesettig
XRDXRFWet Chemical Analysis
ChromatograhyGas Chromatography-Mass SpecMass Spec
Post MarksVSC 6000/8000Luminescence
Floatation DensityPerferations 


AuthorTitleSource
Allen, James A. and Thomas LeraThe U.S. 1851 3¢ Stamp: Color, Chemistry, and ChangesIAP I pp 71-82
Araki, Shuki, E. Kondo,T. Shibata, T. Yokota, M.Suzuki, T.Hirashita, K.Yamaguchi, H.Matsumoto and Y.MuraseAnalysis of Pigments in the Printing Inks of the First Japanese Postage Stamps, the Hand-Engraved IssuesBull. Chem. Soc. Jpn.,89, pp 595-602
Barwis, John H and Harry G. BrittainInk Composition of the U.S. 3¢ stamps of 1870-1883IAP II pp 49-56
Bower, Nathan W., Conor J.K. Blanchet and Michael S. EpsteinNondestructive Determination of the Age of 20th-Century Oil-Binder Ink Prints Using Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR): A Case Study with Postage Stamps from the Lodz GhettoApplied Spectroscopy 2016, Vol. 70(1) pp 162-173
Brittain, Harry G.Infrared Spectroscopic and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of the Typographed Confederate 5¢ StampsIAP I pp 47-55
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America Part II. The Engraved 2-Cent Andrew Jackson IssueThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 58 (3) July-September 2013 pp 5-13
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America, Part VI. The Steel-Plate Engraved 20-Cent George Washington IssueThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 59(4) 4th Quarter, 2014 pp 5-11
Brittain, Harry G.Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR FT-IR) Spectroscopy as a Forensic Method to Determine the Composition of Inks Used to Print the United States One-cent Blue Benjamin Franklin Postage Stamps of the 19th CenturyApplied Spectroscopy 2016, Vol. 70(1) 128-136
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Analysis: Composition of Ink and Paper of the 1c 1861 Stamp The Chronicle of the U.S. Classic Postal Issues 239 vol 65(3), pp 264-271
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America. Part I. The Typographed 5-cent Blue Jefferson Davis IssuesThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 58(2) April-June 2013. pp 5-15
Brittain, Harry G.Forensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America, Part V. The Steel-Plate Engraved, 10-Cent Jefferson Davis Type II IssueThe Confederate Philatelist Vol. 59(2) 2nd Quarter, 2014 pp 5-11
Brittain, Harry G. and Patricia A. KaufmannForensic Studies of Stamps Issued by the Confederate States of America, Part III. The Copper-Plate Engraved 10-Cent Jefferson Davis Issues.The Confederate Philatelist Vol. 58 (4) 4th Quarter, 2013 pp 5-12
Burkhardt, AndreasNew Method to Identify FakesFakes, Forgeries & Experts Journal 1 pp 113-120
Burkhardt, Andreas and Kurt KimmelNeue Forschungsergebnisse dank Röntgendiagnostik (Teil 3) (New research results thanks to X-ray diagnostics (part 3)Schweizerishe Briefmarkenzeitung 2006 3 pp 90-92
Burkhardt, Andreas and Kurt KimmelNeue Forschungsergebnisse dank Röntgendiagnostik (Teil 1) (New research results thanks to X-ray diagnostics (part 1))Schweizerishe Briefmarkenzeitung 2005 10 pp 366-367
Burkhardt, Andreas and Kurt KimmelNeue Forschungsergebnisse dank Röntgendiagnostik (Teil 2) (New research results thanks to X-ray diagnostics (part 2)Schweizerishe Briefmarkenzeitung 2005 12 pp 502-
Burkhardt, Andreas and Kurt KimmelA New Approach to Philatelic Examination: Non-destructive X-ray Fluorescence AnalysisCollectors Club Philatelist 2008 Vol. 87(3) pp 163-175
Burkhardt, Andreas and Roger SchmidtBasler (Gift) - Tauben nach 150 Jahren entlarvt (Basler (poison) - doves debunked after 150 years)Schweizerishe Briefmarkenzeitung 2000 12 pp 615-621
Castro, Kepa, Benito Abalos, Irantzu Martinez-Arkarazo,Nestor Etxebarria and Juan Manuel MadariagaScientific examination of classic Spanish stamps with colour error, a non-invasive micro-Raman and micro-XRF approach: The King Alfonso XIII (1889-1901 ''Pelon'') 15 cents definitive issueJournal of Cultural Heritage 9 (2008) pp.189-195
Caswell, Lyman R.Evaluation of Forensic Methods for Overprint AnalysisCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 91, No. 1 (2012). pp. 35-45
Caswell, Lyman R.Reflectance Spectroscopy of Colored OverprintsIAP I pp 101-107
Cesareo, Roberto and Antonio BrunettiX-ray fluorescence-analysis of 19th century stampsX-Ray Spectrom. 2008, 37. pp. 260-264
Chaplin, Tracey D., Alicia Jurado-Lopez, Robin J. H. Clark, and David R. BeechIdentification by Raman microscopy of pigments on early postage stamps: distinction between original 1847 and 1858-1862, forged and reproduction postage stamps of MauritiusJ. Raman Spectrosc. 2004, 35. pp. 600-604
Chaplin, Tracey D., Robin J. H. Clark and David R. BeechComparison of genuine (1851-1852 AD) and forged or reproduction Hawaiian Missionary stamps using Raman microscopyJ. Raman Spectrosc. 2002, 33. pp. 424-428
Chaplin, Tracey D., Robin J. H. Clark, David Jacobs, Kristian Jensen and Gregory D. SmithThe Gutenberg Bibles: Analysis of the Illuminations and Inks Using Raman SpectroscopyAnal. Chem. 2005, 77, 3611-3622
Charles, Jr., Harry K. Exploring Color Mysteries in the United States Large and Small Numeral Postage Due stamps using X-ray Fluorescence SpectrometryIAP III
Cipolla II, Roland HDiscovery: Bisected Use of One-cent 1851 StampThe Chronicle of the U.S. Classic Postal Issues, 237, 65(1) 2013. pp 37-47
Clementi, Catia, Francesca Rosi, Aldo Romani, Riccardo Vivani, Brunetto G. Brunetti and Costanza MilianibPhotoluminescence Properties of Zinc Oxide in Paints: A Study of the Effect of Self-Absorption and PassivationApplied Spectroscopy 2012 Vol 66(10) pp. 1233-41
Clementi, Catia, B. Doherty, P.L. Gentili, C. Miliani, A. Romani, B.G. Brunetti and A. SgamellottiVibrational and electronic properties of painting lakesAppl. Phys. A 92, 25-33 (2008)
Comelli, Daniela, Gianluca Valentini, Rinaldo Cubeddu and Lucia TonioloFluorescence Lifetime Imaging and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy of Michelangelo's DavidApplied Spectroscopy 59(9) 2005. pp. 1174-80
DeBlois, Diane and Robert Dalton HarrisPrexies and the interaction of colorThe Congress Book 2011 Original philatelic papers presented by invitation. Seventy-Seventh American Philatelic Congress August 12, 2011. APS StampShow 2011 Columbus, Ohio", Ed. Kenneth Trettin, 2011
Etchart, CarlosUse of X-ray spectrometry as an auxiliary in the expertise of postal itemsFundación Bose, No 7, 2005
Eubanks, Gordon and Harry BrittainAnalysis of Pigment Composition of the U.S. 5c 1847 IssueIAP II pp 131-132
Ferrer, NuriaFT-IR Spectroscopy and Microscopy with a Diamond Cell Applied to Forensic and Industrial SamplesMikrochim, Acta [Suppl.] 14 (1997). pp. 329-332
Ferrer, Nuria and Anna VilaFourier transform infrared spectroscopy applied to ink characterization of one-penny postage stamps printed 1841-1880Analytica Chimica Acta 555 (2006). pp. 161-166
Gill, Thomas E.Analysis of Postage Stamps by Proton-Induced X-Ray Emission SpectrometryIAP I pp 93-90
Glazer, Myles and Jeffrey DowAn X-Ray Fluorescence Investigation and Analysis of the 12/6 King George VI Stamps of BermudaThe American Philatelist, June 1983. pp. 512-513
Gómez-Jeria, Juan S., Ernesto Clavijo, J.J. Cárcamo-Vega and Sebastián GutiérrezAn infrared and SEM study of the margins of some German hyperinflation postage stampsResearch Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 9(2) 2018. pp. 870-891
Gómez-Jeria1,Juan S. and Ernesto ClavijoA preliminary infrared study of the cellulose of some world stampsChemistry Research Journal, 2017, 2(4). pp.191-197
Hahn, Joseph D.Originals and Reprints of Seebeck Issues: A Scientific Method of ClassificationThe Seebecker, 4(1), June 1992 pp ?
Hanneman, W. W. and R.E. HintzeGum Characterization by Infrared Spectroscopy: Correcting Some Confusing DataThe American Philatelist. Sept. 1991. pp.816-817
Herendeen, David L.Philatelic Shade Discrimination Based on Measured Colour - CorrigendaLondon Philatelist May. 2011 (120). pp.153
Herendeen, David L., James A. Allen and Thomas LeraPhilatelic Shade Discrimination Based on Measured ColourLondon Philatelist Apr. 2011 (120). pp.105-117
Huynh, Vivian, Ubisha Joshi, Jennifer M. Leveille, Teresa D. Golden and Guido F. VerbeckNanomanipulation-coupled to nanospray mass spectrometry applied to document and ink analysisForensic Science International 242 (2014) 150-156
Imperio, Eleonora, Gabriele Giancane and Ludovico ValliSpectral Database for Postage Stamps by Means of FT-IR SpectroscopyAnal. Chem. 2013, 85. pp. 7085-7093
Imperio, Eleonora, Gabriele Giancane and Ludovico Valli Spectral characterization of postage stamp printing inks by means of Raman spectroscopyAnalyst, 2015, 140. pp. 1702-1710
Jelovica Badovinac, Ivana, N.Orlic, C.Lofrumento, J., Dobrinic, M.OrlicdSpectral analysis of postage stamps and banknotes from the region of Rijeka in CroatiaNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. section A (0168-9002) 619, 1/3; pp 487-490
Johnson, Chelsea E., Paul Martin, Katherine A. Roberts, Tatiana Trejos, Ruthmara Corzo, Jose R. Almirall and Alan M. SaferThe Capability of Raman Microspectroscopy to Differentiate Printing InksJ Forensic Sci., 63(1) 2018 pp. 66-79
Jones, Roger W., Robert B. Cody and John F. McClellandDifferentiating writing inks using direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry.Journal of Forensic Sciences. 51(4) 2006 pp :915-918
Judge, Richard H.Chemistry of Aniline inks, 2-cent Admiral Issues of CanadaIAP III
Judge, Richard H.The Admiral Issue of Canada: A Colorimetric and XRF Study of the Carmine 2¢ IssueIAP II pp 21-30
Kamble, Dinesh, Mayur Abhyankar and Sherali SharmaNondestructive Authenticity of Postage Stamp: New Approach In Questioned Document ExaminationIndian Journal of Applied Research 7(5) 2017.pp. 49-51
Kocak, AliThe Role of Vibrational Spectroscopy in Forensic ChemistryForensic Chemistry Handbook, First Edition. Edited by Lawrence Kobilinsky, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2012. Chapter 6 pp.251-267
Kravitz, Mel and Harry Hagendorf Using forensic testing of ink on a postal history item when historical expertizing methods fail.Collectors Club Philatelist, Jan-Feb 2018. pp. 1-18
LaPorte, Gerald M. and Joseh C. StephensAnalysis Techniques Used for the Forensic Examination of Writing and Printing InksForensic Chemistry Handbook, First Edition. Edited by Lawrence Kobilinsky, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2012. Chapter 6 pp.225-250
Leonard, PaulForensic Philately in 2020. Challenges and OpportunitiesIAP III
Lera, ThomasIn the National Postal Museum, Research: Scientific Equipment at the NPMCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 91(3) 2012 pp. 174-178
Lera, ThomasThe Use of X-ray Fluorescence in Detecting Philatelic ForgeriesIAP II pp 133-134
Lera, ThomasColorimetric Analysis of an Enhanced Cancel on a Mauritius 1d StampFakes Forgeries Experts, No. 14, April 2011, pp.103-104
Lera, Thomas, Jennifer Giaccai and Nicole LittleA Scientific Analysis of the First Issues of Chile 1853-1862, London PrintingIAP I pp 19-33
Liston, Edward M.Scientific Examination of a New Venezuelan "Color Error"Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 91(3) 2005 pp. 163-167
Liston, Edward M.The 'China Clay' Variety of the 1908-1910 Washington-Franklin Issues?Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 84(3) 2005 pp. 141-146
Liston, Edward M.The "China Clay" Variety of the 1908-1910 Washington-Franklin Issue?Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 84(2)2005. pp. 105-112
Liston, Edward M.A New Technique for Analyzing the Optical Spectra of Stamp Inks: U.S. 1861 StampsIAP II pp 135-136
Liston, Edward M.Special X-ray techniques for examining stamps and coversFakes Forgeries Experts, No 6, May 2003 pp 111-117
Liston, Edward M.A Scientific Investigation of the 'Pink' Problem United States 1861-1898 3c Scott Numbers 64 and 65The Collectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 90(2). pp. 269-284
Liston, Edward M.A New Technique for Analyzing The Optical Spectrum of Stamp Inks: A U.S. 1861 Case StudyCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 95(4) 2016. pp. 244-250
Lyons, LarryUsing the Bruker XRF to Distinguish the Six Different Printings of the U.S. Newspaper Stamp Designs N4 and N5IAP III
McKee, ArchiePaper and Color Varieties of the People's Republic of China 'Workers and Soldiers' Definitive Set of 1955-1961IAP II pp 9-19
Melendez-Perez, Jose Javier, Deleon Nascimento Correa, Vinicius Veri Hernandes, Damila Rodrigues de Morais, Rodrigo Borges de Oliveira, Wanderley de Souza, Jandyson Machado Santos and Marcos Nogueira EberlinForensic Application of X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy for the Discrimination of Authentic and Counterfeit Revenue StampsApplied Spectroscopy 2016, Vol. 70(11). pp. 1910-1915
Milks, John E. The 1898 map stamp: colour originsBNA Topics 60(2) 2003. pp 34-37
Milks, John E. and Robert L. KugelThe Use of X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis to Characterize Printings of Early Canadian Stamps ( 1851-1897)Maple Leafs 22(3) 1991. pp 83-89
Milks, John E. and Robert L. KugelX-Ray Fluorescence Analysis of Early Canadian Stamps (1851-1897) Part 3. Six Cent Large QueenBNA Topics 50(5) 1993. pp 28-31
Milks, John E. and Robert L. KugelThe Use of X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis to Characterize Printings of Early Canadian Stamps ( 1851-1897)- Part 2.Maple Leafs 22(4) 1991. pp 133-136
Moreira dos Santos, Fernando Silva Non Desctructive Analyses: Creating Standards For Imperial Brazilian Stamps From A Case Study Of Cottons EssaysIAP III
Najjar, Abed HabibForensic Analysis of Great Britain 1858-1879. 1d Plate 77 Stamps on CoverIAP I pp 56-70
Najjar, Abed HabibGreat Britain: The 1858-1879 1d Rose-Red Plate 77. A Discovery that Raises Questions (Part 2)The GB Journal Vol. 47(5) 2009. pp. 98-112
Najjar, Abed HabibGreat Britain: The 1858-1879 1d Rose-Red Plate 77. A Discovery that Raises Questions (Part 3)The GB Journal Vol. 47(6) 2009. pp. 131-142
Najjar, Abed HabibGreat Britain: The 1858-1879 1d Rose-Red Plate 77. A Discovery that Raises QuestionsCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 87(5), 2008 pp. 269-284
Najjar, Abed HabibGreat Britain: The 1858-1879 1d Rose-Red Plate 77. Questions, and Possible Answers, ConcludedCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 87(6), 2008 pp. 333-345
Najjar, Abed HabibGreat Britain: The 1858-1879 1d Rose-Red Plate 77. A Discovery that Raises QuestionsThe GB Journal Vol. 47(4) 2009. pp. 25-31
Neunteufel, RobertSpectroscopic Examinations of Stamps' Colours for Age Assessment and AuthenticationFakes Forgeries Experts, No 6, May 2003 pp. 147-156
Odenweller, Robert P.New Zealand: Inks Used for the Early Chalon HeadsCollectors Club Philatelist, Vol. 88(4) 2009 pp. 246-250
Oliaiy, P., D. Agha-Aligol, F. Shokouhi and M. Lamehi-RachtiAnalysis of Iranian postage stamps belonging to the Qajar dynasty (18th-20th Century's) by micro-PIXEX-Ray Spectrom. 2009, 38 pp. 479-486
Poslusny, Matthew and Kenneth DaughertyA Novel Approach to Looking at StampsThe American Philatelist. Aug. 1990. pp.722
Poslusny, Matthew and Kenneth E. DaughertyNondestructive Adhesive Analysis on Stamps by Fourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyApplied Spectroscopy 42(8) 1988 pp. 1466-1469
Prelss, Ivor L. and Stephen RobleRadioisotope X-ray Fluorescence in PhilatelyInd. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res. Dev. 1982, 21 pp. 676-678
Romero, M. T. and N. FerrerFourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Characterisation of 17th-20th Century Calcographic and Xylographic InksMikrochim. Acta 131 (1999) pp. 237-245
Sanchez, Hector Jorge and Maria Cecilia ValentinuzziAuthentication of postal pieces by spatially resolved x-ray fluorescence analysisX-Ray Spectrom. 2006 35 pp. 379-382
Schwab, Nicolas V., José Augusto Da-Col, Peter Meyer, Maria I. M. S. Bueno and Marcos N. EberlinEnergy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Profile of Some Brazilian Postage StampsJ. Braz. Chem. Soc., 27(7) 2016 pp. 1305-1310
Simonetti, Remo, Paolo Oliveri, Adrien Henry, Ludovic Duponchel and Silvia LanteriHas your ancient stamp been regummed with synthetic glue? A FT-NIR and FT-Raman studyTalanta 149 (2016) pp. 250-256
Sistach, M. Carme, Nuria Ferrer and M.T. Romero Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Analysis of Ancient ManuscriptsRestaurator 19 1998 pp. 173-186
Tyler, Varro E. and Garnet E. PeckCharacterization of the Genuine Stamps, Reprints, and Forgeriesof the 1867 and 1868 Issues of Roman States by Diffuse Reflectance SpectroscopyAmerican Philatelist June 1978 pp. 580-587
Vila, Anna, Nuria Ferrer and Jose F. GarciaColored inks analysis and differentiation: A first step in artistic contemporary prints discriminationAnalytica Chimica Acta 588 2007 pp. 96-107
Wang, Jin HaiA Versatile Analytical Method of Identifying Adhesive on Stamps by Specular-Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared SpectroscopyApplied Spectroscopy 44(3) 1990 pp. 447-450
White, R. H.Application of Electron Microscope and X-Ray Analyses to Identification Techniques for Stamp and Proof Papers. Part IThe United States Specialist 710 Apr 89 pp. 187-193
White, R. H.Application of Electron Microscope and X-Ray Analyses to Identification Techniques for Stamp and Proof Papers. Part IIIThe United States Specialist 710 Aug 89 pp. 419-427
White, R. H.Application of Electron Microscope and X-Ray Analyses to Identification Techniques for Stamp and Proof Papers. Part IIThe United States Specialist 710 Jun 89 pp. 299-304
Youssefi, JoeApplication of Advanced Tools to Persian PhilatelyIAP II pp 137-137
Zieba-Palus, Janina and Beata M. TrzcinskaEstablishing of Chemical Composition of Printing InkJ Forensic Sci., 56(3) 2011 pp. 819-21